Mathematics

Purpose
The purpose of the kindergarten mathematics program is to introduce students to  numbers, values, and numerical relationships and to establish a firm foundation for  a lifetime of learning. 

Outcomes 

Time and Money 
The students will: 
• place three events in logical order: first, next, and last. 
• describe which takes more time and which takes less time. 
• identify times of day and year and order events. 
• be able to tell time to the hour with digital and analog clocks. • identify and compare coins. 

Numeration and Number Theory 
The students will: 
• model, count, draw, write, and read numbers 0 – 12. 
• count, represent, and recognize numbers 10 – 20. 
• count and recognize numbers greater than 20. 
• order numbers to 31. 
• be introduced to the concept of tens and hundreds. 
• recognize number sequences. 
• use ordinal numbers. 
• solve problems using skills and strategies. 

Whole Number Computation and Estimation 
The students will: 
• use estimation in response to group activities involving  
numbers. 
• be able to make quantitative evaluation using such terms as  more than, less than, or equal. 
• model and record addition facts through 10. 
• model and record subtraction facts through 10. 
• use pictures to represent and solve addition and subtraction  problems. 
Fractions 
The students will: 
• identify symmetric figures and equal parts. 
• identify unequal parts of a whole.
• demonstrate an understanding of one-half by separating  
shapes and groups into two equal parts. 
• explore ways to make equal shares. 

Geometry 
The students will: 
• identify, describe, and sort two- and three-dimensional shapes  by their attributes and properties. 
• use geometric terminology such as square, rectangle, triangle,  oval, circle, cube, cone, sphere, pyramid, rectangular prism, and 
cylinder. 
• match surfaces to plane shapes. 

Measurement 
The students will: 
• compare and order length. 
• compare, order, and measure weight. 
• compare, order, and measure capacity. 
• estimate and measure length by non-standard measures. 
• solve problems about length, weight, and capacity by using  
concrete objects and balancing scales. 

Statistics, Data Collection, and Graphs 
The students will: 
• create a graph. 
• read a graph. 
• evaluate information on a graph to draw conclusions from it. • create a graph and use it for problem solving. 
• make predictions based on the information given. 
Positions, Patterns, and Classification 
The students will: 
• identify and use positional words. 
• model, describe, extend, and translate patterns. 
• identify, sort, and classify objects according to their attributes. • explain similarities of sorted objects. 
• solve problems by sorting and classifying. 
• identify objects which do not belong to a given set. 

Teaching Strategies
• teacher-directed whole group instruction 
• student-directed small group activities 
• one-on-one instruction 
• problem of the day 
• literature to introduce lessons 
• manipulatives for sorting and classifying 
• flash cards 
• graphing 
• games 
• activity records 
• predicting outcomes 
• observation 
• modeling 
• morning meeting activities 
• drawing 

Assessment 
• tests and quizzes 
• teacher observation 
• question and answer 
• classroom discussions 
• morning meeting materials 

Resources 
• Houghton Mifflin Math, 2007 
• Houghton Mifflin teacher resource pack 
• Houghton Mifflin website resources (eduplace.com) • Read-Aloud Anthology Big Books 
• teacher created materials 
• The Mailbox magazine 
• Teacher’s Helper magazine 
• manipulatives 
• math games 
• Judy clocks 
• balancing scales 
• IXL Math: ixl.com 
• workmats