#### Mathematics

Purpose
The purpose of the kindergarten mathematics program is to introduce students to  numbers, values, and numerical relationships and to establish a firm foundation for  a lifetime of learning.

Outcomes

Time and Money
The students will:
• place three events in logical order: first, next, and last.
• describe which takes more time and which takes less time.
• identify times of day and year and order events.
• be able to tell time to the hour with digital and analog clocks. • identify and compare coins.

Numeration and Number Theory
The students will:
• model, count, draw, write, and read numbers 0 – 12.
• count, represent, and recognize numbers 10 – 20.
• count and recognize numbers greater than 20.
• order numbers to 31.
• be introduced to the concept of tens and hundreds.
• recognize number sequences.
• use ordinal numbers.
• solve problems using skills and strategies.

Whole Number Computation and Estimation
The students will:
• use estimation in response to group activities involving
numbers.
• be able to make quantitative evaluation using such terms as  more than, less than, or equal.
• model and record addition facts through 10.
• model and record subtraction facts through 10.
• use pictures to represent and solve addition and subtraction  problems.
Fractions
The students will:
• identify symmetric figures and equal parts.
• identify unequal parts of a whole.
• demonstrate an understanding of one-half by separating
shapes and groups into two equal parts.
• explore ways to make equal shares.

Geometry
The students will:
• identify, describe, and sort two- and three-dimensional shapes  by their attributes and properties.
• use geometric terminology such as square, rectangle, triangle,  oval, circle, cube, cone, sphere, pyramid, rectangular prism, and
cylinder.
• match surfaces to plane shapes.

Measurement
The students will:
• compare and order length.
• compare, order, and measure weight.
• compare, order, and measure capacity.
• estimate and measure length by non-standard measures.
• solve problems about length, weight, and capacity by using
concrete objects and balancing scales.

Statistics, Data Collection, and Graphs
The students will:
• create a graph.
• evaluate information on a graph to draw conclusions from it. • create a graph and use it for problem solving.
• make predictions based on the information given.
Positions, Patterns, and Classification
The students will:
• identify and use positional words.
• model, describe, extend, and translate patterns.
• identify, sort, and classify objects according to their attributes. • explain similarities of sorted objects.
• solve problems by sorting and classifying.
• identify objects which do not belong to a given set.

Teaching Strategies
• teacher-directed whole group instruction
• student-directed small group activities
• one-on-one instruction
• problem of the day
• literature to introduce lessons
• manipulatives for sorting and classifying
• flash cards
• graphing
• games
• activity records
• predicting outcomes
• observation
• modeling
• morning meeting activities
• drawing

Assessment
• tests and quizzes
• teacher observation
• classroom discussions
• morning meeting materials

Resources
• Houghton Mifflin Math, 2007
• Houghton Mifflin teacher resource pack
• Houghton Mifflin website resources (eduplace.com) • Read-Aloud Anthology Big Books
• teacher created materials
• The Mailbox magazine
• Teacher’s Helper magazine
• manipulatives
• math games
• Judy clocks
• balancing scales
• IXL Math: ixl.com
• workmats