Kindergarten LANGUAGE ARTS The purpose of the writing program in kindergarten is to teach students that speech can be transcribed to the written word. The purpose is also to enable students to create stories and captions about artwork, which can be scripted by the teacher and/or written by the student. The students will: Writing • understand that what is said can also be written. • be able to express thoughts that can be scripted by the teacher. •draw pictures and write letters or phonetically spell words (inventive spelling), • feel comfortable knowing that their words and thoughts have value and meaning. Phonics The purpose of the phonics program in kindergarten is to teach students that letters have sounds and to teach the relationship between those letters and their sounds. The students will: • be able to recognize consonants and their sounds in both the initial and final position. • be able to recognize vowels and their sounds. • be able to recognize vowels and their sounds in the medial position. • begin to blend sounds into words (simple three-letter, monosyllabic CVC words). • begin to decode monosyllabic words. • create new words using word families. • be able to identify pairs of rhyming words. • become excited about learning to read. • be able to create pictures to represent individual consonant sounds. • understand that words are made of syllables. • begin to differentiate between nouns and verbs. Reading The purpose of the reading program in kindergarten is to help students grow into critical readers, writers, and thinkers. The students will: • understand that a story has a beginning, middle, and end. • retell the main idea of a story. • identify the characters, setting, and main topic of a story. • make predictions about a story. • identify number and color words. • track print from left to right, top to bottom. • recognize a series of high frequency words. • be successful in a formal reading program providing there are no other issues preventing this. • identify the title page, author, and illustrator of a book. • recognize that words are separated by spaces. • recognize that each sentence begins with a capital letter. • recognize that each sentence ends with a punctuation mark. TEACHING STRATEGIES • teacher-directed lessons • flash cards • interactive charts • small group guided reading centers • interactive read-alouds • individual one-to-one instruction Penmanship The purpose of the penmanship program in kindergarten is to continue to instruct students in the correct formation of letters. Students are introduced to the use of appropriately lined paper for writing. Students learn to write their first and last names with capital and lowercase letters formed correctly. The students will: • write their first and last name in correct form. • form capital letters correctly. • form lower case letters correctly. • be able to write on line paper following left to right progression. MATHEMATICS The purpose of the kindergarten mathematics program is to introduce students to numbers, values, and numerical relationships and to establish a firm foundation for a lifetime of learning. The students will learn: Time and Money • place three events in logical order: first, next, and last. • describe which takes more time and which takes less time. • identify times of day and year and order events. • be able to tell time to the hour with digital and analog clocks. • identify and compare coins. Numeration and Number Theory • model, count, draw, write, and read numbers 0 – 12. • count, represent, and recognize numbers 10 – 20. • count and recognize numbers greater than 20. • order numbers to 31. • be introduced to the concept of tens and hundreds. • recognize number sequences. • use ordinal numbers. • solve problems using skills and strategies. Whole Number Computation and Estimation • use estimation in response to group activities involving numbers. • be able to make quantitative evaluation using such terms as more than, less than, or equal. • model and record addition facts through 10. • model and record subtraction facts through 10. • use pictures to represent and solve addition and subtraction problems. Fractions • identify symmetric figures and equal parts • identify unequal parts of a whole • demonstrate an understanding of one-half by separating shapes and groups into two equal parts • explore ways to make equal shares Geometry • identify, describe, and sort two- and three-dimensional shapes by their attributes and properties • use geometric terminology such as square, rectangle, triangle, oval, circle, cube, cone, sphere, pyramid, rectangular prism, and cylinder • match surfaces to plane shapes Measurement • compare and order length • compare, order, and measure weight. • compare, order, and measure capacity • estimate and measure length by non-standard measures • solve problems about length, weight, and capacity by using concrete objects and balancing scales Statistics, Data Collection, and Graphs • create a graph, read a graph. • evaluate information on a graph to draw conclusions from it. • create a graph and use it for problem solving. • make predictions based on the information given. Positions, Patterns, and Classification • identify and use positional words. • model, describe, extend, and translate patterns. • identify, sort, and classify objects according to their attributes. • explain similarities of sorted objects. • solve problems by sorting and classifying. • identify objects which do not belong to a given set. SCIENCE The purpose of the kindergarten science program is to establish an interest in the world around us, to discover that there is an order to the universe and we are part of it, and to learn about the cycle of life. The students will learn: Life Science • establish the difference between living and non-living things. • realize that caring for living things takes work and responsibility. • determine that life begins in many different ways. • recognize that animals and plants are living things that grow, reproduce, and need food, air, and water. Earth Science • identify weather patterns such as temperature and rainfall. • identify the sun, moon, and stars. • be aware of weather patterns as they pertain to seasons. • identify repeating weather patterns in nature. • be aware of flora and fauna changes in the seasons. Physical Science • recognize what goes up, comes down (gravity). • recognize that moving an object requires force. • recognize that humans and animals are capable of self movement. • identify patterns in the motion of objects of different weights and sizes. SOCIAL STUDIES The purpose of the kindergarten social studies program is to introduce students to the world in which they live and to show them that it is part of a larger world. The importance of living a life filled with good Christian values is stressed along with the value of good citizenship. The children also learn about the diversity of the many cultures in our world. The students will learn: History • develop an awareness of themselves in relationship to their class, family, community, country, and world. • find excitement and joy in learning about cultures apart from their own. • explore the past by learning about famous people of long ago (e.g. president, Johnny Appleseed) • identify national holidays and why we celebrate them. Geography • recognize the globe and know it represents the earth. • recognize a map and understand it is used to find places. • describe places in their neighborhood. • identify their street address, city or town, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the United States as the country in which they live. Government/Civics • retell stories and give examples of justice, responsibility, rules, and fairness. • identify important United States symbols (e.g. American flag). • recite the words of the Pledge of Allegiance. RELIGION The predominant theme in the K2 curriculum is God as loving Father and creator. The students will learn that God is our Father and we were made to know and love him. We will introduce scripture, prayer/sacraments, morality, along with justice, peace and service. Bully prevention, safety and family values will also be discussed.